The Timeline - Netflix

The NFL Network is partnering with show-business luminaries like Tim McGraw and Jeremy Renner for a new documentary series called The Timeline that will highlight pivotal moments and teams in National Football League history, including the complicated relationship between Brett Favre and the Green Bay Packers, the merger between the National Football League and the American Football League, and the Giants' momentous decision to move from New York City to New Jersey. George Clooney's Smokehouse Pictures will co-produce an episode that tells the story of how a Los Angeles reporter got a crude tape of Super Bowl XIV to U.S. hostages held in Tehran in 1980.

The Timeline - Netflix

Type: Documentary

Languages: English

Status: Running

Runtime: 60 minutes

Premier: 2015-12-03

The Timeline - Timeline of HIV/AIDS - Netflix

This is a timeline of AIDS, including AIDS cases before 1980.

The Timeline - Pre-1980s - Netflix

1900s Researchers estimate that some time in the early 1900s a form of simian immunodeficiency virus, SIV, was transmitted to humans in central Africa. This particular virus, group M of HIV-1, went on to become the pandemic strain of HIV, though others have been identified. 1920s Scientists estimate that HIV was circulating in Kinshasa by the 1920s. 1959

The first known case of HIV in a human occurs in a man who died in the Congo, later (from his preserved blood samples) confirmed as having HIV infection. The authors of the study did not sequence a full virus from his samples, writing that “attempts to amplify HIV-1 fragments of >300 base pairs (bp) were unsuccessful ... However, after numerous attempts, four shorter sequences were obtained”; these represented small portions of two of the six genes of the complete HIV genome. June 28, in New York City, Ardouin Antonio, a 49-year-old Haitian shipping clerk dies of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, a disease closely associated with AIDS. Gordon Hennigar, who performed the postmortem examination of the man's body, found “the first reported instance of unassociated Pneumocystis carinii disease in an adult” to be so unusual that he preserved Ardouin's lungs for later study. The case was published in two medical journals at the time, and Hennigar has been quoted in numerous publications saying that he believes Ardouin probably had AIDS. 1960s HIV-2, a viral variant found in West Africa, is thought to have transferred to people from sooty mangabey monkeys in Guinea-Bissau. 1964 Jerome Horwitz of Barbara Ann Karmanos Cancer Institute and Wayne State University School of Medicine synthesize AZT under a grant from the US National Institutes of Health (NIH). AZT was originally intended as an anticancer drug. 1966 Genetic studies of the virus indicate that, in or about 1966, HIV first arrived in the Americas, infecting one person in Haiti. At this time, many Haitians were working in Congo, providing the opportunity for infection. 1968 A 2003 analysis of HIV types found in the United States, compared to known mutation rates, suggests that the virus may have first arrived in the United States in this year. The disease spread from the 1966 American strain, but remained unrecognized for another 12 years. This is, however, contradicted by the estimated area of time of initial infection of Robert Rayford who was most likely infected around 1959. 1969 A St. Louis teenager, identified as Robert Rayford, dies of an illness that baffles his doctors. Eighteen years later, molecular biologists at Tulane University in New Orleans test samples of his remains and find evidence of HIV. 1976 The daughter of Arvid Noe dies in January 1976 at 9 years of age. Norwegian sailor Arvid Noe dies in April 1976; it is later determined that he contracted HIV/AIDS in Africa during the early 1960s. The wife of Arvid Noe dies in December 1976. 1977 Danish physician Grethe Rask dies of AIDS contracted in Africa. A San Francisco prostitute gives birth to the first of three children who were later diagnosed with AIDS. The children's blood was tested after their deaths and revealed an HIV infection. The mother died of AIDS in May 1987. Test results show she was infected no later than 1977. Gaëtan Dugas gets legally married in Los Angeles in order to get citizenship. He stays in Silver Lake, a section of Los Angeles, whenever he is in town. 1978 A Portuguese man known as Senhor José (English: Mr. Joseph) dies; he will later be confirmed as the first known infection of HIV-2. It is believed that he was exposed to the disease in Guinea-Bissau in 1966. 1979 An early case of AIDS in the United States was of a female baby born in New Jersey in 1973 or 1974. She was born to a sixteen-year-old girl, an identified drug-injector, who had previously had multiple male sexual partners. The baby died in 1979 at the age of five. Subsequent testing on her stored tissues confirmed that she had contracted HIV-1. Herbert Heinrich: Bisexual German concert violinist who died in 1979. Tests in 1989 found that he was HIV-positive, and there has been speculation that he was infected by a prostitute who was infected by Arvid Noe, but as of 1997, this had not been proven. A thirty-year-old woman from the Dominican Republic dies at Mount Sinai Medical Center in New York City from CMV infection.

The Timeline - References - Netflix